Energy is not just the monthly bill you have to pay each month; it is the foundation of everything you do and the life to everything you have. But with the increasing cost of energy, it cannot be denied that we need to take important measures to limit our energy consumption. Saving energy becomes a must and a habit that everyone should seriously adapt.
Heating and Cooling.
Almost half of your electric bill goes for your heating and cooling systems so if you really want to maximize your savings here are the following things you can do:
Clean your air filters at least once a month.
Clean baseboard heaters, radiators, and warm-air registers as often as necessary; make sure that they are working properly; and that they are not blocked by drapes, carpeting, and furniture.
Set the thermostat as high as is comfortable when it is hot or as low as is comfortable when it is cold.
Turn off exhaust fans (kitchen, bath, others) 20 minutes after cooking or bathing. Keeping them on for a long time affects the temperature of the room.
Lighting and Appliances
As much as possible, use natural lights – working near the windows will prevent you from turning on the light and consuming energy. Utilize the power of the sun.
Switch off the lights every time you leave the room even if it is just of a minute.
If you are using the 4-foot fluorescent lights, install reflective backings to maximize the light.
Switch to compact fluorescent lights. There are 4-watt minifluorescent lights and 40-watt fluorescent lights have the same illuminating effect.
Turn off all lights and appliances when not in use. Unplug unnecessary appliances like microwaves, television, stereos, computers, and VCRs if you are not using them. Also, unplug chargers and devices with bloc-shaped transformer on the plug. All of them consume energy when plugged in. Do not leave them on « stand-by » mode.
Look of Energy Star label when purchasing lighting product.
Use task lighting instead of lights that cover the entire room. For example, use lamp shades when reading and not the lights for your room.
Washing your clothes cold will reduce washer’s energy consumption by as much as 90%. Air drying eliminates the energy use for machine drying.
Always do full loads whenever possible. If you are washing a small load, use appropriate water level and wash setting.
Maintain a right temperature for your freezer and refrigerator.
Do not hold the refrigerator or freezer open. The energy consumption increases if the motor works endlessly just to maintain the temperature of the refrigerator and freezer.
Check for leaks and cracks in the gasket. Make sure that your refrigerator is completely sealed to maintain the temperature inside.
Heat loss happens when your house is not properly sealed. Use sealants or weather-stripping on windows.
Make sure that air cannot escape or enter in to the pipes, doors, walls, floors and ceilings. A properly insulated home saves as much as 10% in electric bill.
In a typical household monthly electric bill, 44% goes to the heating and cooling systems; 33% goes to lighting and other appliances; 14% goes to heating the water; and 9% goes to the refrigerator. Take note of this power distribution to know where exactly you can maximize your saving.