Languages

What You Need To Do To Learn Fluent Spanish

The goal for learning Spanish is to at least understand Spanish or speak intelligible Spanish sentences. For some Spanish learners, this is enough. But for many others, it is not; what they want is to learn fluent Spanish. If you belong to the second group of Spanish learners, you need to really flex your mind and tongue to be able to speak Spanish fluently. Hard? Yes. Impossible? No. But though reality says it will take some time and real hard work for you to speak the language as good as a native speaker, there are practical ways to make it a little easier. Here they are:

1. Be realistic. It is okay to create self-expectations, but you have to make sure they are achievable. For example, if you make a deadline for yourself, find out if your schedule and learning style are parallel with your timeframe. Otherwise, you will get frustrated if you are not able to meet your expectations. Realize as well that learning fluent Spanish is not a work of magic. So welcome the possibilities of learning lags or instances when you can’t understand a lesson at all. Don’t be too tough on yourself. Expect mistakes, accept them when they happen, and learn from them.

2. Make good use of your time. When learning Spanish, every moment is an opportunity for learning. Don’t misinterpret. This doesn’t mean you are expected to spend every hour of every day poring over a book, or listening to your audio lessons, or answering vocabulary activities. A good Spanish learner is someone who, without a learning tool at hand, is committed to practicing the language every chance he gets. He uses his downtime to review the lessons, build his vocabulary, or speak Spanish verbally or otherwise.

3. Master the basics. Learning the basics is fundamental to speaking Spanish fluently. Because how can you construct complex Spanish sentences when you don’t even know the forms of regular and irregular verbs? Also very critical to fluency are numbers, alphabets, pronunciation, common expressions, do and don’t commands, verb tenses, prepositions, conjugations, syntax, and the likes.

4. Choose the best learning tool. Fortunately today, a lot of learning tools are available for Spanish learners. You can choose to have a personal tutor. Or enroll to a language school. Or download lessons from the Internet. Or buy language learning software. All these are effective, but not all are appropriate for you. Remember that each tool is unique and is dedicated to meeting different learning demands. That is why it is very important to take into consideration your own learning style, needs, and schedule when choosing a learning tool.

5. Enjoy the learning experience. Learning a new language is always fun, so take time to appreciate every minute of it. When you are fraught with difficulties and feel like giving up, do find a way to bring the excitement back. If you enjoy playing vocabulary games better than reading, then play more games than you usually do. If you think you can learn fluent Spanish more by watching soaps, go ahead and watch more soaps. The thing is, learning shouldn’t be burdensome; because if it feels that way, learning is coerced and you get less than you intend.

Practical Tips that could Help You Learn Hindi

Do you plan to learn Hindi? If it is not your native language, you would surely find the initiative to be challenging. It is not always easy to learn another language other than what you naturally use. It usually takes time and much effort to be comfortable in using another, particularly a foreign language. If you intend to learn Hindi the practical way, here are several simple, yet effective guidelines that could help you do so.

- Regularly visit and read various Hindi websites. The Internet is flooding with so many online sites that are written in Hindi. You may use such sites to know, learn, and understand the language.

- Listen to, and appreciate, Hindi songs or music. You could easily memorize several catchy lines. Take note of correct pronunciation. You could eventually research the meaning of such lines. Intend to use such phrases and sentences appropriately in the future.

- Read materials that offer direct translation from Hindi to English or vice versa. This initiative could be complemented by daily learning about Hindi alphabets and vocabulary.

- Prefer to read Hindi books with lots of dialogues. You could easily translate or understand structures of such sentences, which are more conversational in nature.

- Ask native Hindi speakers to converse with you using the language. You may have friends, relatives, or colleagues who are fluent in speaking and writing Hindi.

- Regularly watch Hindi movies with comprehensive English subtitles. Take note of the English translations of words, phrases, and sentences.

- Always keep a vocabulary list along with a dictionary of Hindi words. Decide to learn at least 10 new Hindi words everyday. Imagine how broad your Hindi vocabulary could be after a week, a month, or a year. As you go on, be determined to gain improvements in spellings, grammar, pronunciation, and construction of sentences.

- Chat online in Hindi. It is like conversing in the language. This way, you could use and practice what you have already learned about the language.

- Intend to write a short essay in Hindi. It would help if you would ask a native Hindi speaker to read and criticize your short composition. Take note of the areas for improvement.

- Play scrabble or word-building games in Hindi. The Internet has many Websites that facilitate online games that could help you learn more Hindi words and concepts. It would help if you would regularly play such. You would enjoy and at the same time keep on learning the language.

- Find materials that would have you fill in blanks in sentences appropriately using the right Hindi words.

- Watch Hindi television shows. Ask your cable television service provider for listings of special channels that carry Hindi content.

- Go out and meet Hindi speakers at the club, the theatre, your school, or the market place.

- Read short stories, jokes, and poems that are in Hindi. It would be better if you could find Hindi comics.

There are many ways on how you could learn Hindi. You may opt to enroll at special language classes. But even without investing dollars into enlisting in such programs, you could still learn the language effectively.

Learn Indian Via The Silverscreen

The entertainment industry is not just about bringing you towards the edge of your seat through the use of fantastic visual effects. It does not only aim to make you sob for a while after knowing that the two main couple cannot be together. Its boundaries of information are far beyond what makes you laugh and stumble. Movies are done to leave messages and lessons that can depict just every aspect of society. With this in mind let me give you an example of how you can learn Indian via the silver screen.

In 1996 the Tamil Cinema Industry called for the expertise of S. Shankar to lead the way for the making of the film entitled Indian. This film was bannered in by stars such as Kamal Haasan, Urmila Matondkar, Senthil, Manisha Koirala, and Goundami. The film found its way into the glimmering lights of Hollywood when it represented the Indian people in the Best Foreign Language Film at the Academy Awards during the same year. The creation of Indian paved the way for movies such as Mudhalvan, Sivaji, and Nayak: The Real Hero which the magnitude of the effect of corruption within the society.

The Indian is made to showcase to tracks. The first one involves a certain Chandra Bose who is commonly known in the movie as Chandru. He does business as a broker beyond the gates of the Road Transport Office or RTO by providing people with licenses in return for a pleasurable amount. On this track of the movie love and power is entangled together as Chandru struggles to have a good life with his love interest Aishwarya. Another notable character is Subbiah who serves as Chandru’s accomplice and has some sort of friction with another RTO officer named Paneerselvam.

The second track of the movie features Senapathy, nicknamed Indian who at an old age of seventy acts as a mercenary in order to eliminate top ranking officers within the government who have been proven to be associated with corruptive activities. Krishnaswamy is a determined intelligence agent out to take the Indian out of his killing spree. He finds a break in the case upon the knowledge that the Indian’s whereabouts can be traced by probing his son who happens to be Chandru.

The story goes on as Krishnaswamy makes his way into Senapathy’s home only to find out that the person he’s been tracking is a former freedom fighter. He is able to get hold of newspaper readings that indicates Senapathy as part of the Indian National Army and was then thought to be of as an extremist. Then follows events depicting happenings during the 1940s wherein revolts against British regime were prevalent. Senapathy is shown to having married a woman named Sukanya but was forced to go in hiding to Singapore because of his status with the authorities. After independence was obtained the Indian made his way back home and was able to evade efforts of authority to incarcerate him.

The major portions of the movie showed how one man’s will to fight off the cancer of society that is corruption. He murdered a doctor who asked for a bribe in order to attend to his ailing daughter who had third degree burn. He then had to make his own son pay for his dirty acts particularly after giving a bus with faulty brakes the permission to operate which led to the death of innocent school children. In the end the Indian continued to thrive after defeating his tracker, Krishnaswamy. The film ended with a promise that the Indian will rise from the ashes once the time comes that he is needed.

It is not at all easy to learn Indian but like movies there are available avenues which can be used in order to get a grasp of how the language works and how its people behave.

Web Education: Learn Spanish Online

Almost 400 million people worldwide speak Spanish, making it among the most widely-used languages. The reason why there are a lot of people who would like to learn Spanish. Currently, being bilingual means a chance of being promoted, travelling overseas for education and career opportunities, or changing your career path.

Learning a foreign language can be difficult, especially for those who are working full-time or have limited free time in their hands, while others may be constricted by financial limitations. The good news is that online education has become a huge part of learning whether it is for earning college degrees, post-graduate degrees and even language-learning programs.

Online education is suitable for a lot of students because they are less-expensive compared with face-to-face sessions and at the same time, flexible enough to suit the needs and time of the students. But jumping or enrolling into the first online Spanish class you see on the web is not a good idea. There are, of course, some things that should be kept in mind when choosing an online Spanish class.

- Make sure to choose an online Spanish class which will be able to satisfy your needs. Online courses should be able to meet the needs of different levels of learners, whether they are beginners, intermediate and advanced learners.

- Before proceeding with any purchase or enrolment with your credit card or any financial information, make sure that the site is properly secured.

- Customers should be protected whatever purchase they make online. You could check if they have a free trial, this will help you have an idea if the online program would suit your needs as a student. You can ask if their policies would include money- back guarantee.

- The great thing about free-trial is that you would be able to see if they would have enough resources to supplement your learning. You need to ensure that they have enough lessons and exercises. It is important to have enough conversational practice that will allow you to implement what you have learned.

- Online classes employ multi-media methods like audio and video presentations. They should be more interactive. They should be fun for you.

- Although, they are less expensive compared with face-to-face classes, it is still not practical to sign your name in the first class you see. Compare prices. There are programs that are less expensive compared with others but offer the same kind of learning.

- Make sure that your system is suitable for the program. There could be system requirements for your computer. Sometimes, the online center would provide the necessary software needed.

When learning Spanish online, it is important to set realistic goals in the very beginning. Setting realistic goals will help you avoid any frustrations and disappointments. These goals can be set by the online tutors or you could communicate these expectations with them.

Whether it is online or face-to-face classes, your ability to learn Spanish would rely on your consistency and self-discipline. There are some students who would drop out of language-learning because of different conflicts. Motivation would be important to keep you on the top of your game.

Online Games that could Help You Learn Hindi

Hindi is among the main languages used and spoken in India. It is interesting to note that aside from that country, the language is also becoming widely used in many other nations, like the Philippines, Kenya, Singapore, Bangladesh, Belize, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This is not surprising because the number of Indians living in and migrating to such countries has been increasing rapidly. Thus, you might be intending to learn Hindi.

To learn the language, you should understand that the initiative could be beyond learning new vocabulary and grammar. Hindi also uses a different script (called Devanagari) when used in writing. This script is unlike the system of writing used in English. Needless to say, learning Hindi could be a really challenging activity. Through the years, many teachers have devised and used different techniques to teach the language to non-Indians.

Are you aware that you could use specific and special games to be able to learn Hindi better and more effectively? Learning and using special games could truly make the process of learning Hindi much fun and easier. Here are several games you could play to bolster your initiative and goal of learning the language. What is more interesting is that such games could be played online. Thus, there is no need to buy special tools or materials to be able to play these games. Just log online and enjoy the activity, while at the same time you learn Hindi.

Digital Dialects

This online game is offering a beginner’s Webpage that is more targeted at adults who are starting to learn the language. Through the game, you could also learn more about Hindi numbers, animals, colors, and vocabulary. The pages are written in transliterated Hindi (thus Hindi words are written using English letters instead of Devanagari).

Every section of the gaming site comprises of Hindi materials and fun games that could help reinforce concepts. For instance, the colors section has an initial page that tells the basic names of colors in Hindi language. The page even has a matching game where you would be given a Hindi word and you would be required to identify the corresponding color that matches that term.

Kids One Hindi E-learning

Kids One is a special online game that provides a flash-based Internet program that is especially designed to help people learn Hindi. It is fit for children and humble beginners. The game uses colorful animations integrated with interactive lessons that could help learners remember, retain, and use the Indian language.

You would surely be delighted by the sections allotted for learning basic Hindi alphabet. Such sections even teach correct pronunciation and accurate writing in Devanagari script. There are even pages containing Indian folk tales, heroes, festivals, and Mahabharata, all written in Hindi.

Every section of this game site is useful. There are up to 10 online games that could facilitate better learning of Hindi. Several of the games could be characterized as simple games for children, including picture puzzles. There are even games that are designed to make you assess and practice what you have learned about the language so far. If you need to learn Hindi, you should try out such online games.

Learn Indian Sexual Techniques

To learn Indian sexual practices from the Ananga-Ranga is one of the most pleasurable ways to pass the time. The Ananga-Ranga, an erotic instruction text written a thousand years after the Kama Sutra, provides a number of ways through which a married couple can renew and even keep the excitement and thrill in their marriage.

As with all things that are done repeatedly, satiety becomes a problem. Familiarity breeds contempt, repetition breeds boredom. This is the same with love-making. When done in the same way, the same pace, the excitement and passion burns out, pleasure escapes and the sexual need becomes little more than memory.

This is basically what the Ananga-Ranga problematizes and addresses. To keep a married couple together, both must work at introducing spice into their lives, most especially into their sex life. When the novelty wears off and the flames of passion die back to a steady glow, great love manuals of the East like the Ananga-Ranga encourage men and women to perfect a variety of sexual techniques. Learning different sexual techniques is one way to keep the boredom from reaching the bedroom. Bring back that element of surprise, that sense of breathless wonder. Every time is the first time. The passion must leave both man and woman smoldering.

Kalyana Malla, author of the book, sees monotony as the primary reason for a husband or a wife to give in to temptation or for the other to be driven by jealousy. He believes it is rarely that both individuals inside a marriage love each other equally. There must always be the other one that loves more than his or her partner does. Thus, the other is always open, willing to be seduced by passion—for someone else.

The Ananga-Ranga offers a very apt advice to our time. Knowing full well how fights and squabbles often happen, what causes them, and how some of them may be attended to, can be the first steps in curing the boredom, especially if these often spring from problems in the marital bed. By educating themselves, married couples can and will know how to give as well as receive sexual pleasure. With this, man and woman ensure that their relationship, their marriage is solid, that monotony is far from happening.

One technique is for the man to lift the girl by passing his elbows under her knees. He can enjoy her as she hangs trembling with her arms forming a garland around his neck. This coupling is called Janukurpura, the Knee Elbow.

Another technique is when the woman buries her face in the pillow and goes on all fours like an animal. The man can have sex with her from behind as though he were a wild beast. This position is Harina, the Deer.

When straightening her legs, the woman grips the man’s penis like a stallion, it is Vadavaka, the Mare. This coupling is not easily done and must be learned through practice. If lying with her face turned away, the woman offers the man her buttocks and he presses his penis into the vagina or what Malla calls the house of love. This variation is called Nagabandha, the coupling of the Cobra.

To learn Indian sexual techniques, even a few, from the Ananga-Ranga, may provide just the perfect bit of surprise, challenge and thrill missing when the couple find themselves in between the sheets.

The Truths Behind The Importance Of Learning To Speak Spanish

Learning Spanish as a second language is considered important in the modern society. If you want to be relevant today, learn Spanish, the common thinking goes. There are, however, some segments of the population that remain passive and bypass the importance of learning to speak Spanish. And there are also those who continuously put off the desire to learn because of several reasons. Some say they don’t have enough time. Some say it is costly. Others still think it is impractical.

Sadly, this way of thinking results from poor knowledge of the Spanish language and misguided expectations. And to emphasize the importance of learning Spanish, it is only necessary to eliminate the wrong perception of most people and replace it with the following truths.

1. You have ample opportunities to speak Spanish.
Some ask, « Why learn Spanish when you actually won’t be able to use it? » There are millions of Spanish-speaking people walking on the planet, and it is nearly impossible not to have someone you can speak to. In the United States alone, the Hispanic population is growing, making Spanish the second language. So when you walk in school, grocery stores, theaters, or malls, there would always be opportunities for you to use the language in actual conversations. In all likelihood, your own neighborhood might even have Spanish-speaking residents. If, however, you can’t find that opportunity locally, there is always the possibility of going past geographical borders and making friends with Spanish-speaking people, albeit online. The thing is, wherever you are, Spanish will most likely be useful in many occasions.

2. You get to be more competent.
Being bilingual is an immutable competence. If you learn a second language, Spanish in this case, you will be able to learn more than most people can. Remember that Spanish is spoken in different continents—from Africa to Asia—and to have the ability to understand and gain access to many cultures and people means you can explore most of the world. Just imagine the feeling of defying all your limitations. That, in itself, is a reward.

3. You will have fun while learning.
Learning Spanish is hard; it’s a given. In fact, learning any foreign language is not easy. But although it is quite hard, learning Spanish is not without fun. The sense of achievement of pronouncing a word right, or constructing a sentence right, or naming a word right is for many Spanish learners a source of enjoyment. And every time they do good, they get all the more motivated. But if they don’t, they don’t easily give up, because they look forward to their ultimate reward: finally speaking Spanish fluently. If that is your motivation too, you will be able to overlook the troubles and see all the fun in learning.

When you get right down to it, the major purpose for learning to speak Spanish is to be able to communicate better. And if there is only one thing that would qualify the importance of learning the language, it is that purpose.

Learning Hindi – An Overview

Learning Hindi is getting to be more and more popular, especially among businessmen. The facts are simple: in a shrinking world of business and commerce, it pays to learn some important languages for better communication.

Hindi is the first language of some one-third (about 400 million) of the Indian population, and is the second language of millions more. It is also designated as the official language and used in all official communications in India. It is taught in all Indian schools where Hindi is not spoken or not dominant.

Sanskrit

Hindi came from the ancient Sanskrit language, and is a member of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is related to Urdu, spoken in Pakistan, although Hindi and Urdu use different alphabet systems to represent the sounds.

To most people, the Hindi spoken in Delhi is indistinguishable whether it is Urdu or Hindi. The distinction is only shown on the script or how it is written. If written in Perso-Arabic script, it is Urdu. Written in Devanagari, it is generally considered Hindi.

Hindi written in Devanagari has the letters with bars at the top to connect them to other letters to form a word. The alphabet does not have upper or lowercase forms of the letters. Like English, however, it is written from left to right.

Genders

Like most European languages (except English), Hindi has a grammatical gender: all Hindi nouns are masculine or feminine. All male human beings, male animals and plants perceived to be « male » are masculine. The same is true to all things female which are regarded in the feminine gender.

Things, inanimate objects, and abstract nouns are either masculine or feminine according to convention.

In a sentence, most of the adjectives, though not all, changes according to the gender of the nouns. Moreover, Hindi verbs change to indicate the gender of their subjects in a sentence.

Grammar

Hindi uses the word order subject-object-verb in contrast to the English sequence of subject-verb-object. This means that in Hindi, the verbs fall at the end of the sentence. It also does not have articles, either definite (« the ») or indefinite (« a »).

Hindi also uses postpositions (they are put after nouns) in contrast with prepositions (placed before nouns) in English.

The Hindi adjectives always precede the nouns they qualify. The auxiliaries always follow the main verb.

There are four simple verb tenses in Hindi: present, past, future (presumptive) and subjunctive (sometimes referred by linguists as « mood »). Conjugation of the verbs is used to show the number and person (1st, 2nd, 3rd) of their subject, but also its gender.

Even with its complicated rules, Hindi grammar is fairly regular (irregularities are limited). Hindi punctuations use the commas, exclamation points and question marks like the western style. Periods are sometimes used, although the traditional « full stop » (a vertical line) is also currently used.

Media

Films and songs in Hindi are very popular in general, even in places as Punjab and Gujarat where Hindi is not spoken as a native language. Before the proliferation of satellite TV, broadcasts in Hindi dominated both TV and radio airtimes.

For prospective students, to learn Hindi is neither that daunting nor hard. The experience will also be unique because the language is as old as its culture.

Learn Indian Sexual Norms of the Past

To learn Indian traditions concerning past sexual norms, it is best to consult the old Hindu love manuals. Such a study will prove interesting and rewarding in its way, especially for students who set out to read about, to re-imagine and or to re-discover the wealth of Indian erotic literature.

The Kama Sutra is still one of the most famous love manuals from the region. Well known among collector’s of erotica, the compiled illustrations of the Kama Sutra is still regarded as one of the most complete, adventurous and yes, creative collections to be in existence. With over a hundred illustrations, the book strongly encouraged lessons in pleasure between married couples and teaches over a hundred of sex positions, many of which were variations on a couple of basic positions.

However popular the Kama Sutra was, it was not the only Hindu love manual that garnered considerable attention. Although not as well-known, the Ananga-Ranga is another outstanding example of Indian erotic literature. The book is filled up with tips, advices and suggestions on how to solve a number of problems, many of which are marital problems. When the book comes to the section on sexual congress, a great deal of emphasis is put on variety and how it is the solution to most problems in the bedroom.

After all, monotony is the enemy that sets in after the possession has taken place. And if one has already taken possession, one or both parties may no longer be excited or thrilled to engage in carnal pursuits. Satisfaction is a great enemy. And variety is one of the most effective ways to keep satisfaction from completely settling in and turning an exciting marriage into a ho-hum one.

This is why the Ananga-Ranga teaches a number of variations on common sex positions. Though some are similar to Vatsyayana’s work in the Kama Sutra, the Ananga-Ranga differs from its predecessor in the sense that its sole purpose is to keep married couples together. Kalyana Malla, the author of Ananga-Ranga which appeared a thousand years after Kama Sutra, wrote down common beliefs at the time.

One of these beliefs discussed the ten states or conditions that indicated if an individual was already consumed by her desire and thus, must already engage in sexual contact. If one found herself in any of these states, she must already engage in coitus or risk harming her health. It was an accepted truth to people of the time.

And yes, under certain circumstances—when someone was deemed completely helpless and under control of her own desires that she must feel she is on the brink of death— that individual is free to engage in sexual relations with any man, even if she is married or if the man she fancies is married to someone else, with the full blessing of the family and sometimes, even of the entire community.

Based on the text, people of those times seemed to view sex without shame. There were few taboos. What was plenty was the instructions, suggestions on how to please one’s self and one’s partner in sexual congress, an indication of their openness to the subject. Sex was a shared experience, a public one, a way to purify one’s mortal body. And while the quality of their openness did not survive to today, it is still interesting to note the contrast, how that free-spirited perspective on sex transformed to the rigid, conservative sexual norms observed now in most of Asia.

One hopes that most new students bent on studying just to learn Indian sexual norms, upon re-reading these Hindu texts re-imagine that freedom and realize that sexual pleasure can never be complete or achieved without it.

The Importance Of Learning Spanish

Some few decades back, learning Spanish (or any other language for that matter) was the farthest thought anyone can have. This was before the supersonic air transport, the advent of cell phones, the invention of the Internet and the ubiquitous satellite television.

If somebody needs to know some Spanish, a dictionary or some interpreter can do the job. Except for those living in Spanish communities, nobody needs to know how to speak in Spanish.

Then, the world became smaller, faster, and more personal. A businessman talks to his partners halfway around the world in real time.

Whatever is happening at any part of the world is seen live as it happens. Sending a complicated document, a picture, recorded video or audio takes seconds or at most a minute or so.

Globalization

For a long time, Americans are not obligated to learn another language besides English.
Today, globalization is the biggest reason why people saw the need of communicating with people from other countries.

Today’s trend indicates that Americans are studying Spanish in record numbers. The perceived reason is that so much business opportunities are out there. (NAFTA was cited as one reason why American businessmen chose Spanish as their second language.)

According to Businessweek, MBA students around the world choose to become trilingual, the choices being English, French and Spanish. It also helps that the two of the top ten MBA schools outside the US is located in Spain.

Numbers game

One compelling reason in learning Spanish is the fact that there are about half a billion people who speaks the language. Half of the population in the Western Hemisphere (the Americas) speaks Spanish. This makes it a primary language for as many people as English in this part of the world.

Except in Portuguese-speaking Brazil, Spanish is extensively spoken in South and Central America. In the United States, Spanish is the second most-widely spoken language after English.

All over the world, Spanish is the 4th most-spoken language after English, Chinese and Hindi. But Chinese and Hindi are only widely spoken in China and India, respectively.

With Spanish spoken in more than 21 countries worldwide, learning Spanish seems like a must. This is particularly true in the US and Canada which do business with many Latin American countries in the same hemisphere.

Career opportunities

For people fluent in both Spanish and English, opportunities abound and grow everyday due to the rapid expansion of Spanish-speaking populations. Being bi-lingual at these times translates to more and better opportunities in both business and work.

Knowing and understanding a language definitely exposes one to the culturally enriching aspects of that other society. Staying competitive today means learning more about other cultures and being able to interact with them.

Business opportunities

Today, Latin America as a region is expanding their economies, and as such they become more and more important trading partners. Business between the U.S. and these countries are getting more and more upbeat, making the Spanish language an important asset for the American businessman.

In the recent past, people worked to educate themselves to keep up with technology after the post-industrial era. Today, people are now increasingly educating themselves with enough languages (learning Spanish is the top choice) to keep up with the rapidly-expanding business horizon.