Learn Hindi

Some Inconveniences In Learning Hindi

Someone had said that today’s India is the new tower of Babel. Consider: there are 15 national languages recognized by the constitution and spoken in over 1,600 dialects by over 900 million people. Learning Hindi, one of India’s official languages (the other is English), would seem like a daunting task.

For many educated Indians, especially those living in modern urban areas, English is virtually their first language. For the rest of the population who are multi-lingual, it is a second language. Their first might be one of the 16 other major languages in India.

To learn Hindi is like learning any other language for that matter. Depending on where you came from, there might be some difficulties but there might be some ease, too. Let us look at them.

Alphabet

Without going into the details of pronunciation, you might very well guess that there might be difficulties in the language starting with the alphabet. Hindi has a total of 10 vowels and 40 consonants.

Compared with the 21 consonants and 6 vowels in English, the students will be in for a long haul in their language lessons.

For the native speaker, the Devanagari script represents the exact sounds of how Hindi should be spoken. A native speaker who knows the Devanagari script can exactly sound out the Hindi text even without knowing the meaning.

Consonants

For a very rich language descended from one of the oldest languages in the world, Hindi carries with it a corresponding rich consonant system, about 40 of them.

There are more than the official list, considering the many other regions of India, each with distinct variation of the language.

Inherited from Sanskrit, the traditional core of the consonant system comprises 25 occlusives and 8 sonorants and fricatives. It also has 6 sounds borrowed from the Persians (Iranian) and the Arabs, but are now considered Hindi sounds.

Some difficulties

Teachers found out that aspirated and unaspirated Hindi consonants are difficult for English speakers. Also, they will need to carefully distinguish four different D sounds and four different T sounds.

In English, the unstressed vowels have a « schwa » sound, making the pronunciation have an UH sound. This is called reducing. In the word UNIFY, the second syllable becomes an UH instead of an EE. The second syllable of PERSON is pronounced with an UH rather than OH.

In Hindi, care must be taken not to reduce these vowels. For example, VO BOLTA HAI means « he talks » and VO BOLTI HAI is « she talks ». Typically, an English speaker would say the first sentence (VO BOLTA HAI) as VO BOLTUH HAI, which comes out as « she talks » to the native Hindi ears.

Grammar

The first two examples we have are still in the area of alphabets. Hindi grammar is another hurdle, though not that hard once you get the hang of it. (English is one of the most difficult languages to learn considering the many rules and the accompanying exceptions to these rules – in grammar, pronunciation, and function.)

Hindi is getting to be an international language, thanks to the growing popularity of Bollywood movies. Learning Hindi through these songs is not such a bad idea. Songs are never difficult to learn.

Practical Tips that could Help You Learn Hindi

Do you plan to learn Hindi? If it is not your native language, you would surely find the initiative to be challenging. It is not always easy to learn another language other than what you naturally use. It usually takes time and much effort to be comfortable in using another, particularly a foreign language. If you intend to learn Hindi the practical way, here are several simple, yet effective guidelines that could help you do so.

- Regularly visit and read various Hindi websites. The Internet is flooding with so many online sites that are written in Hindi. You may use such sites to know, learn, and understand the language.

- Listen to, and appreciate, Hindi songs or music. You could easily memorize several catchy lines. Take note of correct pronunciation. You could eventually research the meaning of such lines. Intend to use such phrases and sentences appropriately in the future.

- Read materials that offer direct translation from Hindi to English or vice versa. This initiative could be complemented by daily learning about Hindi alphabets and vocabulary.

- Prefer to read Hindi books with lots of dialogues. You could easily translate or understand structures of such sentences, which are more conversational in nature.

- Ask native Hindi speakers to converse with you using the language. You may have friends, relatives, or colleagues who are fluent in speaking and writing Hindi.

- Regularly watch Hindi movies with comprehensive English subtitles. Take note of the English translations of words, phrases, and sentences.

- Always keep a vocabulary list along with a dictionary of Hindi words. Decide to learn at least 10 new Hindi words everyday. Imagine how broad your Hindi vocabulary could be after a week, a month, or a year. As you go on, be determined to gain improvements in spellings, grammar, pronunciation, and construction of sentences.

- Chat online in Hindi. It is like conversing in the language. This way, you could use and practice what you have already learned about the language.

- Intend to write a short essay in Hindi. It would help if you would ask a native Hindi speaker to read and criticize your short composition. Take note of the areas for improvement.

- Play scrabble or word-building games in Hindi. The Internet has many Websites that facilitate online games that could help you learn more Hindi words and concepts. It would help if you would regularly play such. You would enjoy and at the same time keep on learning the language.

- Find materials that would have you fill in blanks in sentences appropriately using the right Hindi words.

- Watch Hindi television shows. Ask your cable television service provider for listings of special channels that carry Hindi content.

- Go out and meet Hindi speakers at the club, the theatre, your school, or the market place.

- Read short stories, jokes, and poems that are in Hindi. It would be better if you could find Hindi comics.

There are many ways on how you could learn Hindi. You may opt to enroll at special language classes. But even without investing dollars into enlisting in such programs, you could still learn the language effectively.

Online Games that could Help You Learn Hindi

Hindi is among the main languages used and spoken in India. It is interesting to note that aside from that country, the language is also becoming widely used in many other nations, like the Philippines, Kenya, Singapore, Bangladesh, Belize, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This is not surprising because the number of Indians living in and migrating to such countries has been increasing rapidly. Thus, you might be intending to learn Hindi.

To learn the language, you should understand that the initiative could be beyond learning new vocabulary and grammar. Hindi also uses a different script (called Devanagari) when used in writing. This script is unlike the system of writing used in English. Needless to say, learning Hindi could be a really challenging activity. Through the years, many teachers have devised and used different techniques to teach the language to non-Indians.

Are you aware that you could use specific and special games to be able to learn Hindi better and more effectively? Learning and using special games could truly make the process of learning Hindi much fun and easier. Here are several games you could play to bolster your initiative and goal of learning the language. What is more interesting is that such games could be played online. Thus, there is no need to buy special tools or materials to be able to play these games. Just log online and enjoy the activity, while at the same time you learn Hindi.

Digital Dialects

This online game is offering a beginner’s Webpage that is more targeted at adults who are starting to learn the language. Through the game, you could also learn more about Hindi numbers, animals, colors, and vocabulary. The pages are written in transliterated Hindi (thus Hindi words are written using English letters instead of Devanagari).

Every section of the gaming site comprises of Hindi materials and fun games that could help reinforce concepts. For instance, the colors section has an initial page that tells the basic names of colors in Hindi language. The page even has a matching game where you would be given a Hindi word and you would be required to identify the corresponding color that matches that term.

Kids One Hindi E-learning

Kids One is a special online game that provides a flash-based Internet program that is especially designed to help people learn Hindi. It is fit for children and humble beginners. The game uses colorful animations integrated with interactive lessons that could help learners remember, retain, and use the Indian language.

You would surely be delighted by the sections allotted for learning basic Hindi alphabet. Such sections even teach correct pronunciation and accurate writing in Devanagari script. There are even pages containing Indian folk tales, heroes, festivals, and Mahabharata, all written in Hindi.

Every section of this game site is useful. There are up to 10 online games that could facilitate better learning of Hindi. Several of the games could be characterized as simple games for children, including picture puzzles. There are even games that are designed to make you assess and practice what you have learned about the language so far. If you need to learn Hindi, you should try out such online games.

Learning Hindi – An Overview

Learning Hindi is getting to be more and more popular, especially among businessmen. The facts are simple: in a shrinking world of business and commerce, it pays to learn some important languages for better communication.

Hindi is the first language of some one-third (about 400 million) of the Indian population, and is the second language of millions more. It is also designated as the official language and used in all official communications in India. It is taught in all Indian schools where Hindi is not spoken or not dominant.

Sanskrit

Hindi came from the ancient Sanskrit language, and is a member of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is related to Urdu, spoken in Pakistan, although Hindi and Urdu use different alphabet systems to represent the sounds.

To most people, the Hindi spoken in Delhi is indistinguishable whether it is Urdu or Hindi. The distinction is only shown on the script or how it is written. If written in Perso-Arabic script, it is Urdu. Written in Devanagari, it is generally considered Hindi.

Hindi written in Devanagari has the letters with bars at the top to connect them to other letters to form a word. The alphabet does not have upper or lowercase forms of the letters. Like English, however, it is written from left to right.

Genders

Like most European languages (except English), Hindi has a grammatical gender: all Hindi nouns are masculine or feminine. All male human beings, male animals and plants perceived to be « male » are masculine. The same is true to all things female which are regarded in the feminine gender.

Things, inanimate objects, and abstract nouns are either masculine or feminine according to convention.

In a sentence, most of the adjectives, though not all, changes according to the gender of the nouns. Moreover, Hindi verbs change to indicate the gender of their subjects in a sentence.

Grammar

Hindi uses the word order subject-object-verb in contrast to the English sequence of subject-verb-object. This means that in Hindi, the verbs fall at the end of the sentence. It also does not have articles, either definite (« the ») or indefinite (« a »).

Hindi also uses postpositions (they are put after nouns) in contrast with prepositions (placed before nouns) in English.

The Hindi adjectives always precede the nouns they qualify. The auxiliaries always follow the main verb.

There are four simple verb tenses in Hindi: present, past, future (presumptive) and subjunctive (sometimes referred by linguists as « mood »). Conjugation of the verbs is used to show the number and person (1st, 2nd, 3rd) of their subject, but also its gender.

Even with its complicated rules, Hindi grammar is fairly regular (irregularities are limited). Hindi punctuations use the commas, exclamation points and question marks like the western style. Periods are sometimes used, although the traditional « full stop » (a vertical line) is also currently used.

Media

Films and songs in Hindi are very popular in general, even in places as Punjab and Gujarat where Hindi is not spoken as a native language. Before the proliferation of satellite TV, broadcasts in Hindi dominated both TV and radio airtimes.

For prospective students, to learn Hindi is neither that daunting nor hard. The experience will also be unique because the language is as old as its culture.

Learn Your Hindi

Global solidarity may be a very idealistic concept but its importance has an impact on the continued proliferation of the human race. This is why it is of utmost importance that people around the world learn each other’s language. Let’s take a look at one of the major languages utilized around the world. It’s time to learn your Hindi.

Let’s start the ball rolling and give emphasis on the language’s grammar schemes. Basically, Hindi is a subject-object-verb language which means that the verbs are commonly located at the end of the instead of having it before the object. Hindi also follows split ergativity so that for some cases the verbs can readily agree with the object of the sentence rather than with the subject. As compared to English, Hindi does not utilize a definite article in the form of the. Moreover, the numeral figure one can be used in place of indefinite article a and an whenever stress is needed.

Moving further, in the Hindi grammar postpositions are placed after the nouns in contrast to prepositions utilized in the English language. There are also other differences which include the likes of honorifics, use of cases, different tenses, gender, and interrogatives.

Although there are some differences in the writing method and vocabulary, the Hindi grammar is pretty much similar with Urdu. Hindi punctuations on the other hand can be attributed to the western style. Commas, question marks, and exclamation points are part of the trade. At times periods are utilized to signify the end of the sentence but the traditional full stop in the form of a vertical line is usually used.

When gender is laid on the table, Hindi grammar talks about a pair of gender for nouns. All male human beings and animals as well as those plants that are perceived to be male are tagged as masculine. All female human beings and animals and again those plants perceived to be female are categorized as feminine. Inanimate objects, abstract nouns, and articles can also be pinpointed as either masculine or feminine as accorded by the convention.

Hindi grammar has pronouns in the first, second, and third person for a single gender only. So unlike the commonly-used English variation there is no distinction between he and she. More so, the third person of the pronoun is quite the same as the demonstrative pronoun such as this or that. The verb after conjugation indicates the difference between the genders. Furthermore, there are additional cases involved like accusative and genitive but without the vocative.

The verbal structure of the Hindi grammar gives emphasis on the aspect which gives rise to three important terms which are habitual or imperfect, progressive or continuous, and perfective. There are four simple tense in the verbal structure. This includes present, past, future or presumptive, and subjunctive. Moreover, verbs are conjugated not only for the purpose of indicating the number and person but more importantly the gender.

These are only the basic stuffs revolving around the Hindi language but such basics can lead you to better opportunities of communicating with Indian tongue and writing. Remember the simple decision to learn Hindi may be a good start on your way to understanding better the other cultures existing around the world.

Learn The Hindi Script

Effective communication is a very important tool in letting separate minds meet and agree on a common thought. Nowadays, more and more individuals are interested in not only mastering each details of the mother tongue but also that of other globally-accepted languages. Let’s take a look at how Hindi has received a lot of acceptance worldwide and learn a thing or two about its writing system.

Basically India has the terms Hindustani, Urdu, and Hindi when it comes to spoken communication. But each of this three is uniquely distinguished by the way their scripts or writing is done. Urdu texts are usually carried out via the Urdu alphabet which is based on the Perso-Arabic script. Hindi texts are written using the Devanagari script which traces its roots from the Brahmi script of Ancient India. During the past years the Roman alphabet has been utilized for technological purposes and boosting of international status and relations.

Now let’s focus the spotlight on the writing system of the Hindi language. Devanagari also identified as Nagari based on its parent writing system is regarded as an abugida alphabet from India and Nepal. The writing is done from left to right wherein there is a lack of letter casing usage and the presence of a recognizable distinctive horizontal line that runs above the letters providing some sort of a link.

As mentioned above Devanagari is the main script for Hindi but it is also part of the writing system of Nepali and Marathi. Ever since the 19th century it is the usual companion of Sanskrit. It is also present in other variances of communication like Santhali, Bhili, Gujari, Konkani, Maithili, Marwari, Pahari, Tharu, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Punjabi, Magahi, and Bhojpuri. It was formerly used to write Gujarati.

The fundamental principle of Devanagari since it is part of the Brahmic abugida is that each of the letters represents a certain consonant but usually carries an inherent vowel a. Furthermore, consonant clusters are commonly written with ligatures. Vowels are written with diacritics called matras but with the exception of inherent a. There are full-letter forms for vowels that are written as an independent syllable. A final consonant is being marked with the diacritic called virama in Sanskrit, Halanta in Hindi, and a killer stroke in English for the purpose of cancelling out the inherent vowel.

Like in any other form of Brahmi script, the letter order of Devanagari is based on phonetic principles which commonly take into consideration the place of articulation and manner of the consonants and vowels being represented. The arrangement being followed is usually tagged as the varnamala or garland of letters. The Sanskrit form used for Devanagari serves as the standard for its application. There are minor variations and additions when other languages come into the scenario.

The way to learn Hindi is not only achieved via speech exercises and activities. More importantly in order to communicate well with the language you have to be well acquainted with the writing system. Like any other foreign system it may pose a challenge at first but in the long run, it will surely present a rewarding experience.

Learn The Hindi Lit

Communication is a vital part of learning. This is why throughout the ages brilliant minds have sought to device various mechanisms in order to enhance the transport of messages and information in written or spoken form. Up to this point, the world is thriving in different fields because of the efforts of the previous generation in establishing effective means of learning and communication. With this, let’s head on to the Indian world of Hindi literature and learn a thing or two about the country and its people.

Basically, Hindi literature is categorized into four unique and exceptional styles and forms. These are Bhakti which means devotional, Shringar which stands for beauty, Veer-Gatha which revolves around extolling or giving praise to brave warriors, and Adhunik which represents modern times and beliefs. Since the Indian people take pride in their rich literature the Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Vishwavidyalaya was put into commission as the official central university tasked with the promotion and development of Hindi language and literature via efforts focused on research and education.

Since the Hindi language takes a dominant place as the country’s spoken language, Hindi literature forms are done and written in Hindi languages. Furthermore dialects like the Brij Bhasha, Awadhi, Kannauji, Marwari, Bundeli, Magahi, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, and Maithili are utilized to come up with the best forms of written treasure within the country. Another of India’s official languages, in the form of Khariboli of modern Standard Hindi, is also tapped in Devnagari script.

Now let’s travel back in time and unravel the story behind the rich heritage of Hindi literature. It was in the early parts of 1400 CE during the ancient period of Hindi or what is known as Adi Kaal that Hindi literature was furnished in the states of Delhi, Ajmer, and Kannauj. It then made its way into the central regions of the India making solid grounds in Madhya Pradesh. A eulogy entitled Prithviraj Raso is considered as one the initial literature created in the History of the country. It was composed by a court poet named Chand Bardai in memory of the Delhi ruler at that time who was Prithviraj Chauhan.

In the Southern region of India particularly in the Deccan areas, Dakkhini or Hindavi was very prominent. It started to be embraced by the constituents of the said region during the rule of the Delhi Sultanate up to the governance of the Nizams of Hyderabad. The Persian script was primarily utilized to come up with these works of art.

Even though it has a Persian touch, the Hindavi literature was well regarded as a proto-Hindi literature. The word Hindavi was even commonly used by Deccani experts such as Sheikh Ashraf and Mulla Vajahi to describe the Deccan dialect. The first person that allowed for the Deccani prominence within the circles of Indian literature is the author named Khwaja Bandanawaz Gesudaraz Muhammad Hasan. His three valuable prose creations are Risala Sehwara, Mirazul Aashkini, and Hidayatnama.

The good thing about this world is that education can be achieved in so many ways. You can learn all sorts of skill and knowhow just by flipping a book or going online. But if you want to go further you can join the likes of Hindi experts in exploring and explaining the nature of everything around us.

Learn The Hindi Controversy

Man is said to be one of the more curious creations in this world. This is why he strives hard in order to find questions about the very nature of his existence as well as that of the environment wherein he lives. This curiosity also tends to lead into arguments with other fellow human beings as to which or what should be followed or believed in. Let’s take a look at one of the long standing disputes around the Indian world and learn a certain Hindi controversy.

The Hindi controversy is actually rooted with its relationship with Urdu which is another major language in the country of India. The dispute as to which should be established as the sole standard language in specific north and north western regions dates back during the 19th century. Even though the government was able to stabilize the issue in 1950 there is still some friction between arguing parties.

Let’s take a look at the tale of the tape. Hindi is actually part of a family of Indo-Aryan language which is utilized by around 41 percent of Northern and Central India constituents. Urdu also belongs to the same family of Indo-Aryan language. Its place in the history of South Asia came into being during the rule of the Delhi Sultanate in 1206 up to 1526 AD and extended up to the reign of the Mughal Empire in 1526 towards the end of 1858 AD. It was the British East India company that decided to put Urdu on the spot as official language of the Hindi-speaking Northern provinces of modern India as a replacement for Persian.

Moving on, it was in the late stages of the 19th century that the Hindi-Urdu controversy entered the picture particularly in the provinces of the North-Western part of India and Oudh. Supporters of each language made efforts in order to establish their choice. Hindi loyalists arranged for the usage of Hindi along with Nagari as the official script while Urdu pros worked their way into emphasizing the presence of Urdu with Persian script.

Divisions were made clear when Hindi movements propelled the development of the said language in areas of Northern India. The prominent figures in the movement included the likes of Madan Mohan Malaviya and Babu Shiva Prasad. Urdu supporters did not waste any time to establish their very own movements. Syed Ahmed Khan led the way for Urdu advocates.

Government decision to stop the argument received opposite reactions from both parties. It was in 1900 when the Indian authorities put into action a certain decree which allowed symbolic equality to Hindi and Urdu. The Hindi movement received it with open arms while their Urdu counterparts continued opposition.

Still, the development for both Hindi and Urdu continued. Hindi picked out words from Sanskrit while Urdu grabbed a few good ones from Turkish, Arabic, and Persian. Slowly the controversy began to subside as the Muslims embraced the usage of Urdu while the Hindus took Hindi. Gandhi did not agree with Hindu-Muslim division thus he proposed a merge between Urdu and Hindi which took shape in the term Hindustani.

Education can be more than just concepts and ideas. More can be learned by observing and studying the movements and efforts of various groups and individuals in order to pursue what they believe in. Hindi and Urdu might have had quite a controversy during those times but with proper communication and arrangement things can be settled and stabilized.

Learn Hindi while Doing Usual Activities

Hindi is India’s official language. It is currently the second most spoken and written language in the world, after Mandarin. This is because India has a huge population and many Indians migrate to many parts of the world. Thus, the language is carried over and is used in almost every part of the globe where there are Hindi speaking Indian migrants. Many people strive to learn Hindi to communicate with such Hindi speakers.

Are you intending to learn and speak a second language? There are many foreign languages to choose from. However, Hindi is certainly standing out. You should learn Hindi if you aim to capitalize on the rising economic power of India. If you intend to do business in the country or with any Indian firm or businessman, it would help if you would impress through speaking the language fluently.

There are many programs that intend to teach Hindi. You could enroll in any Hindi language class at study centers in your community. Some major universities are starting to offer Hindi as a foreign language elective. There are even online sites that are specifically designed and rolled out to help people learn Hindi more effectively.

Learning to write and speak Hindi could be easy and quick through many language courses and special learning aids. You could prefer special video tutorials that offer to teach the language in fun and easier ways. Audio materials are also available to help bolster and speed up the initiative. Thus, you could always continue learning Hindi even while you are on the go.

Always remember that having a very busy life should not be a detriment for learning Hindi. You could do household chores and learn Hindi at the same time. If you are caught in a heavy traffic on your way home, you could use the time to learn the language. At the same way, you could also learn Hindi words while doing your exercise routines. These are possible if you intend to use special audio and video tutorials for learning Hindi.

Invest in such audio or video materials or download them for free online. Be resourceful in finding them. Take a portable audio or video player with you wherever you go. Some learners strategically convert audio learning materials into MP3 format so that playing the tutorials would be easier and much more convenient. This way, you could always use your time doing non-thinking tasks to move on to your initiative in learning the language.

You may also buy any of those hand-held tutorial books for learning Hindi. Those reading materials could be held everywhere you go. Prefer those that could easily be carried so that having them wherever you intend to go would not be much of a burden. Those with pictures or illustrations are also advisable. As you commute to your way home or wait in line for a bus ride, you could easily take out the book from your bag and start reading a few pages so you could add some words into your Hindi vocabulary. This way, you could learn Hindi while on the go.

Learn Hindi to Enjoy More Bollywood Movies

Bollywood movies are getting more popular these days. That is because such movies are obviously blooming with so much romance, action, and fantasy. Bollywood movies are films that have been produced by Indians. They feature Indian actors and they have local plots. More and more people are getting hooked to such entertainment because Bollywood films are very colorful, unpredictable, and highly engaging. If you aim to enjoy more Bollywood movies, it would be great if you would learn Hindi first.

Many people strive to learn Hindi because they want to continue enjoying Bollywood movies. If you have become struck by such form of entertainment, you surely are considering learning the language on your own. If you are a real fanatic, you would realize that learning Hindi does not require spending a significant amount of dollars. You may do the initiative without any significant cost in enrolling in special language classes.

Watching Bollywood films could already be an effective way to learn Hindi in itself. Prefer those films with subtitles so you could understand words and sentences more. Many DVD copies of Bollywood films offer such a feature. If you intend to learn Hindi so you could enjoy Bollywood films more, observe the following tips.

Learn Hindi through interactive language programs. You could find many of such across the Internet. Interactive language programs would enable you to type in English words in designated boxes. In a click of your mouse, you could have the Hindi translation of such words. You could also do otherwise (Hindi words translated to English).

Learn Hindi words, phrases, and sentences through reading books that are written in Hindi. Regularly watching Bollywood movies could also do the trick. Take note that such films have explicit actions. You could logically understand several Hindi words used by movie characters by looking at and analyzing their actions and movements.

As you learn as many Hindi words and sentences every day, intend to practice using the language as often as possible. Read simple Hindi sentences and try to understand the gist based on your current stock knowledge about the language.

Look across the Internet for Hindi websites. This way, you could practice reading and writing in the language. Prefer interactive Websites that would enable you to learn words and sentences at your own pace. Most recommended are online sites that enable you to attain direct Hindi translation of specific English words, and vice versa.

Listen to Hindi music. Take note of the chorus. Usually, that part of every song is the catchiest. You could memorize lines or sentences from songs and later on find their correct translation. Experts assert that music could be a good strategy in learning more about the language.

Interact with as many people who are fluent in speaking Hindi. You may do so through reading blogs, participating in message boards, and joining Hindi forums. You could learn Hindi effectively by sharing important concepts and ideas with native speakers of the language on a regular basis.