Learn indian

Learn Indian Via The Silverscreen

The entertainment industry is not just about bringing you towards the edge of your seat through the use of fantastic visual effects. It does not only aim to make you sob for a while after knowing that the two main couple cannot be together. Its boundaries of information are far beyond what makes you laugh and stumble. Movies are done to leave messages and lessons that can depict just every aspect of society. With this in mind let me give you an example of how you can learn Indian via the silver screen.

In 1996 the Tamil Cinema Industry called for the expertise of S. Shankar to lead the way for the making of the film entitled Indian. This film was bannered in by stars such as Kamal Haasan, Urmila Matondkar, Senthil, Manisha Koirala, and Goundami. The film found its way into the glimmering lights of Hollywood when it represented the Indian people in the Best Foreign Language Film at the Academy Awards during the same year. The creation of Indian paved the way for movies such as Mudhalvan, Sivaji, and Nayak: The Real Hero which the magnitude of the effect of corruption within the society.

The Indian is made to showcase to tracks. The first one involves a certain Chandra Bose who is commonly known in the movie as Chandru. He does business as a broker beyond the gates of the Road Transport Office or RTO by providing people with licenses in return for a pleasurable amount. On this track of the movie love and power is entangled together as Chandru struggles to have a good life with his love interest Aishwarya. Another notable character is Subbiah who serves as Chandru’s accomplice and has some sort of friction with another RTO officer named Paneerselvam.

The second track of the movie features Senapathy, nicknamed Indian who at an old age of seventy acts as a mercenary in order to eliminate top ranking officers within the government who have been proven to be associated with corruptive activities. Krishnaswamy is a determined intelligence agent out to take the Indian out of his killing spree. He finds a break in the case upon the knowledge that the Indian’s whereabouts can be traced by probing his son who happens to be Chandru.

The story goes on as Krishnaswamy makes his way into Senapathy’s home only to find out that the person he’s been tracking is a former freedom fighter. He is able to get hold of newspaper readings that indicates Senapathy as part of the Indian National Army and was then thought to be of as an extremist. Then follows events depicting happenings during the 1940s wherein revolts against British regime were prevalent. Senapathy is shown to having married a woman named Sukanya but was forced to go in hiding to Singapore because of his status with the authorities. After independence was obtained the Indian made his way back home and was able to evade efforts of authority to incarcerate him.

The major portions of the movie showed how one man’s will to fight off the cancer of society that is corruption. He murdered a doctor who asked for a bribe in order to attend to his ailing daughter who had third degree burn. He then had to make his own son pay for his dirty acts particularly after giving a bus with faulty brakes the permission to operate which led to the death of innocent school children. In the end the Indian continued to thrive after defeating his tracker, Krishnaswamy. The film ended with a promise that the Indian will rise from the ashes once the time comes that he is needed.

It is not at all easy to learn Indian but like movies there are available avenues which can be used in order to get a grasp of how the language works and how its people behave.

Learn Indian Sexual Techniques

To learn Indian sexual practices from the Ananga-Ranga is one of the most pleasurable ways to pass the time. The Ananga-Ranga, an erotic instruction text written a thousand years after the Kama Sutra, provides a number of ways through which a married couple can renew and even keep the excitement and thrill in their marriage.

As with all things that are done repeatedly, satiety becomes a problem. Familiarity breeds contempt, repetition breeds boredom. This is the same with love-making. When done in the same way, the same pace, the excitement and passion burns out, pleasure escapes and the sexual need becomes little more than memory.

This is basically what the Ananga-Ranga problematizes and addresses. To keep a married couple together, both must work at introducing spice into their lives, most especially into their sex life. When the novelty wears off and the flames of passion die back to a steady glow, great love manuals of the East like the Ananga-Ranga encourage men and women to perfect a variety of sexual techniques. Learning different sexual techniques is one way to keep the boredom from reaching the bedroom. Bring back that element of surprise, that sense of breathless wonder. Every time is the first time. The passion must leave both man and woman smoldering.

Kalyana Malla, author of the book, sees monotony as the primary reason for a husband or a wife to give in to temptation or for the other to be driven by jealousy. He believes it is rarely that both individuals inside a marriage love each other equally. There must always be the other one that loves more than his or her partner does. Thus, the other is always open, willing to be seduced by passion—for someone else.

The Ananga-Ranga offers a very apt advice to our time. Knowing full well how fights and squabbles often happen, what causes them, and how some of them may be attended to, can be the first steps in curing the boredom, especially if these often spring from problems in the marital bed. By educating themselves, married couples can and will know how to give as well as receive sexual pleasure. With this, man and woman ensure that their relationship, their marriage is solid, that monotony is far from happening.

One technique is for the man to lift the girl by passing his elbows under her knees. He can enjoy her as she hangs trembling with her arms forming a garland around his neck. This coupling is called Janukurpura, the Knee Elbow.

Another technique is when the woman buries her face in the pillow and goes on all fours like an animal. The man can have sex with her from behind as though he were a wild beast. This position is Harina, the Deer.

When straightening her legs, the woman grips the man’s penis like a stallion, it is Vadavaka, the Mare. This coupling is not easily done and must be learned through practice. If lying with her face turned away, the woman offers the man her buttocks and he presses his penis into the vagina or what Malla calls the house of love. This variation is called Nagabandha, the coupling of the Cobra.

To learn Indian sexual techniques, even a few, from the Ananga-Ranga, may provide just the perfect bit of surprise, challenge and thrill missing when the couple find themselves in between the sheets.

Learn Indian Sexual Norms of the Past

To learn Indian traditions concerning past sexual norms, it is best to consult the old Hindu love manuals. Such a study will prove interesting and rewarding in its way, especially for students who set out to read about, to re-imagine and or to re-discover the wealth of Indian erotic literature.

The Kama Sutra is still one of the most famous love manuals from the region. Well known among collector’s of erotica, the compiled illustrations of the Kama Sutra is still regarded as one of the most complete, adventurous and yes, creative collections to be in existence. With over a hundred illustrations, the book strongly encouraged lessons in pleasure between married couples and teaches over a hundred of sex positions, many of which were variations on a couple of basic positions.

However popular the Kama Sutra was, it was not the only Hindu love manual that garnered considerable attention. Although not as well-known, the Ananga-Ranga is another outstanding example of Indian erotic literature. The book is filled up with tips, advices and suggestions on how to solve a number of problems, many of which are marital problems. When the book comes to the section on sexual congress, a great deal of emphasis is put on variety and how it is the solution to most problems in the bedroom.

After all, monotony is the enemy that sets in after the possession has taken place. And if one has already taken possession, one or both parties may no longer be excited or thrilled to engage in carnal pursuits. Satisfaction is a great enemy. And variety is one of the most effective ways to keep satisfaction from completely settling in and turning an exciting marriage into a ho-hum one.

This is why the Ananga-Ranga teaches a number of variations on common sex positions. Though some are similar to Vatsyayana’s work in the Kama Sutra, the Ananga-Ranga differs from its predecessor in the sense that its sole purpose is to keep married couples together. Kalyana Malla, the author of Ananga-Ranga which appeared a thousand years after Kama Sutra, wrote down common beliefs at the time.

One of these beliefs discussed the ten states or conditions that indicated if an individual was already consumed by her desire and thus, must already engage in sexual contact. If one found herself in any of these states, she must already engage in coitus or risk harming her health. It was an accepted truth to people of the time.

And yes, under certain circumstances—when someone was deemed completely helpless and under control of her own desires that she must feel she is on the brink of death— that individual is free to engage in sexual relations with any man, even if she is married or if the man she fancies is married to someone else, with the full blessing of the family and sometimes, even of the entire community.

Based on the text, people of those times seemed to view sex without shame. There were few taboos. What was plenty was the instructions, suggestions on how to please one’s self and one’s partner in sexual congress, an indication of their openness to the subject. Sex was a shared experience, a public one, a way to purify one’s mortal body. And while the quality of their openness did not survive to today, it is still interesting to note the contrast, how that free-spirited perspective on sex transformed to the rigid, conservative sexual norms observed now in most of Asia.

One hopes that most new students bent on studying just to learn Indian sexual norms, upon re-reading these Hindu texts re-imagine that freedom and realize that sexual pleasure can never be complete or achieved without it.

Learn Indian Sexual Beliefs from the Ananga-Ranga

Ananga-Ranga, one of the hindu love texts, provide meaningful help to learn Indian sexual norms and beliefs. A lesser work of erotic text, the book was written by Kalyana Malla a thousand years after Vatsyayana’s work, the Kama Sutra.

The book offers up a wealth of tips on solving problems that range from body odor, to seducing the opposite sex. One of the chapters provides an extensive coverage on the changes in the natural state of men and women that must be observed and taken into consideration. Any man, or woman, who fall into any of these states is considered under the power of her bodily desires and bound by her carnal needs.

The first state is the state of Dhyasa. This condition sees the individual at a loss to do anything. There is but one burning desire and that is to see the beloved, to see a particular man. The second state is when the mind of the individual begins to suffer as well. Meaning, one is unable to think of anything. She finds her mind always wandering, always going back to thoughts of the beloved. She feels that she is near to losing her mind.

The third stage describes the individual trying to woo and win a man in question. The fourth stage is when the individual loses sleep over thoughts of the beloved. The fifth is when the individual looks haggard, with her body emaciated. She cannot think, eat or sleep because thoughts of the beloved consume her. The sixth stage that indicates a person is already suffering from unsatisfied carnal or sexual needs is that she feels herself growing shameless, forgetting all sense of decorum and decency. The seventh stage is when the individual no longer cares for her riches and lets these things go. The eighth state is when the mental intoxication of the individual borders on madness. The ninth state is when tainting fits come on and the last state, when the body’s needs are at its utmost and greatest, the individual finds herself at death’s door.

Produced by sexual passion, examples of these states may also be found in Indian history, particularly in the case of King Puruva. He was such a devout man that Indra, the Lord of the Lower Heaven feared that Puruva may even succeed in dethroning him in the end. Thus, the god sent down from Svarga—his own heaven—Urvashi. Urvashi is the most lovely of all Indra’s nymphs and Puruva fell in love with her as soon as he laid eyes on her.

Day and night he thought of nothing but her, and when he possessed her, both passed the time in carnal enjoyment. When the god took Urvashi back, no sooner had she departed than Puruva fell into a deep depression. He started to lose his control. His mind began to wander, he was no longer capable of focusing on anything, on his wealth or worship until he found himself languishing, already at the door of death.

The states follow a logical order and many still find them true up to today. For most, the similarities are worth taking note of. It means that no matter how many how years pass, humans rarely change. To learn Indian sexual norms such as these from Hindu love manuals is one of the reasons why people still read old texts books on the erotic.

But another one could be, a more visceral reason could be, that these books mirror us, these books remind us, that —despite prevailing conservative sexual norms—they can stay true to the spirit of pleasure, and freedom and sex even when we no longer can.

Learn Indian Recipes

There are literally hundreds of food choices that make up the Indian cuisine. India, a nation that has undergone a widespread diaspora of peoples and cultures, boasts of a high-quality cuisine that has evolved from many food influences. It is best known for the creative blend of spices and local vegetables brought in from different parts of the country. There is a wide array of viands or dishes in every region, therefore making Indian cuisine variable depending on the place. Interesting, huh? On this site, we will learn Indian recipes in no time!

Today, we are going to cook the famous Chicken Tikka Masala. Perhaps the most popular to outsiders, the Chicken Tikka Masala, is always a favorite restaurant dish. Contrary to popular belief, the dish originated in Kerala, Southern India, and not in Scotland, UK. It is a variant of the European chicken curry which makes use of roast chicken dipped in creamy, mix-spiced, original blend tomato paste.

There is no standard recipe for Chicken Tikka Masala, however, universal ingredients include the following:

3 chicken breasts
4 Tbsp olive or groundnut oil
5 cardamom pods
a 5cm cinnamon stick
1 ½ onions
2 tsp fresh ginger, minced
2 tsp garlic, minced
1 tsp cumin powder
1 tsp coriander powder
¼ tsp turmeric powder
½ to 1 tsp cayenne pepper
1 Tbsp paprika
1 tsp garam masala powder
1 large tomato
1 tsp tomato purée
5 fl oz water
Salt to taste
Yoghurt or 1 tin coconut milk, if desired
Fresh coriander to garnish

After preparing the ingredients, chop the tomatoes and onions finely and set aside. Cube the chicken breast into bite size pieces (« tikka » means bite size, by the way!), and season with a little salt.

To make the masala paste, mix or blend ginger and garlic with cumin powder, coriander, turmeric, cayenne, garam masala and paprika. After these preparations, we are set to cook this sweet, succulent recipe!

To get started, put oil into a pan over medium heat. When it’s boiling, add a cinamon stick and cardamon, and take them out after a few seconds. This flavors the oil, which gives the wonderful aroma of the dish. Next, add the onions and stew until brown. Add the masala paste and stir for a minute. Masala or « spices » is a vital word in all Indian cooking as it’s used as the signature element for the Indian cuisine.

After adding the masala, add the tomatoes and tomato purée, and stir until thoroughly blended. Once done, pour in water and bring to a gentle simmer. Whisking constantly, taste the sauce and season with salt if necessary. Once you get the desired taste, add the chicken cubes and mix well into the masala paste. Simmer for ten twelve minutes, stirring after every few minutes, until the chicken is cooked and tender. To check if done, pierce the chicken with a sharp knife. It must go straight through and come out clean.

The sauce should be quite thick now, clinging to the chicken cubes. If you desire more than curry sauce, add either one small tin of coconut milk or one medium size cup of yogurt. Mix well and simmer for another five minutes, then place on a serving dish. Decorate with fresh coriander leaves.

There you have it – the sumptuous Chicken Tikka Masala! To learn Indian recipes is fun especially if you love spices, the Indian people and the culture they belong to.

Learn Indian Music And Understand The Indian Soul

An ancient guru once declared that music tells us everything about the soul of the music-maker. Learning Indian music is akin to learning all about the Indian soul and his temperament.

One very pleasant surprise is knowing that Indian music is as old as its civilization and culture, spanning thousands of years into the past. It certainly is one of the oldest in the world.

Take the Vedas, one of the most ancient recorded literary masterpieces known. This unique masterpiece had been set to music way back in its early beginnings. Today, music enthusiasts believe that the ancient music of the Vedas has a distinctive melody that is absolutely soothing.

Classical and folk music

Music in India has been grouped by the ancient scripts into two main streams known as « margi » and « desi » which roughly translate as « classical » and « folk ». The basic tenets of folk and classical music had been laid down by numerous ancient texts and developed side by side.

The two main streams of classical music are Hindustani and Carnatic. Both have the same origins and sources according to ancient scripts, although they are distinct from each other.

In the 13th and 14th centuries, a new form of Hindustani classical music emerged and became known as « khayal » which means imagination. The new style brought an entirely new approach to Hindustani classical music.

Meantime, India gave its own contribution to the world of music with « Raga » which means melody.

« Raga » is the foundation of Indian classical music as it is to the world. It is made of different combinations of « sapta swara » or seven notes, just like the notes in western music (do-re-mi, etc.).

For comparison, the octave is composed of 12 notes in western classical music. In Indian classical music, the octave has 22 notes, or « shrutis ». Swara is considered a note, whereas the shruti is the microtonal intervals between two swaras.

Instruments

Because of its long history, Indian music gave rise to a great diversity of traditions that had, in turn, spawned a variety of musical instruments. Through the ages, these instruments evolved, and the evolution can be seen in ancient cave paintings and sculptures in historic temples.

Some of these can be played solo while the others are used to accompany singers and dancers. Some of the instruments are strictly for devotional and ritualistic purposes, like the conch and the khol drum.

The instruments are broadly grouped into four types: strings, wind, percussion and bells, and cymbals and gongs.

String instruments vary according to the complexity of how they are played. The simplest is the single-string « ektara ». The most popular are the sitar, veena, sarangi and sarod. All of them are made out of dried hollowed gourd acting as the round resonator at one end.

The sitar is the most well-known all over the world alongside its famous Indian player, Ravi Shankar. The sarod has 10 main strings and 15 sympathetic strings, while the sarangi is played with a bow.

The most popular of the wind instruments is the Shahnai, a double-reed flute.

The drums are important instruments in Indian music, and there are many types. The dholak and pakhawaj are double-faced types which are struck at both sides. The tabla is known and sometimes used in Western music. The chenda are large drums that accompany religious festivals in Kerala.

The little bells, clappers, cymbals and gongs (collectively called ‘ghana’) supply the rhythmic functions in Indian music and just as vital as the other instruments.

Just like learning the language, learning Indian music takes one to the depths of the Indian soul. The process alone is both a pleasure and a privilege for the student.

Learn Indian Languages

For a country as big as India and with a population that is just as large (it is the second most populous country in the world), it is no surprise that the spoken languages are just as varied and as large. For one who wants to learn any Indian language, the undertaking is going to be daunting because of the added task of learning the particular script form of that language.

National and state languages

Trying to learn all of them will certainly take more than a lifetime or two. Consider this: to date, the country has 15 national languages recognized by the constitution. Within this mix, there are over 1,600 dialects on record, so far.

Added to the above statistics are 18 languages recognized by the Indian constitution as state languages. These state languages are used in schools and in official transactions within their respective states. These are Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada (Kanarese), Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Meithei (Manipuri), Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.

Citizens of former Indian states (and now independent countries) Pakistan and Bangladesh speak Urdu and Bengali, respectively.

Official and working languages

Today, Hindi is recognized as India’s official language. It is spoken by about 20% of the population, especially in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. However, considering the number of languages spoken all over the country, English is the official working language.

No one common language is spoken on the Indian subcontinent, except Hindi and English which are the co-official national languages of India. Both languages are used as lingua franca all over the various linguistic regions.

For many of the educated Indians, English is virtually their first language. Most Indians, however, are multi-lingual and it is only their second language.

Hindi and Urdu

Hindi and Urdu are actually slightly different dialects of the same language. Their main difference lies in their vocabulary roots, scripts and religious backgrounds.

Hindi vocabulary mainly comes from Sanskrit. It is written in Devanagari (a script form) and spoken mainly by Hindus. Hindi itself has two major varieties: western and eastern Hindi. Both are spoken by more than 400 million people.

Urdu has words with Persian and Arabic origins, and written in Persian-Arabic script. Urdu is spoken by Muslims in India and in Pakistan.

All the Indian languages belong themselves to two major linguistic families: the Indo-European and Dravidian groups. The others come from Austro-Asiatic and Tibeto-Burman groups and other small isolated languages. The Indo-Aryan group (part of the Indo-European family) is spoken by about 74% of the population. The Dravidian is spoken by around 24%.

Bengali

Another major language is the Bengali. It is spoken by almost the entire population of Bangladesh, and in West Bengal. Bengali is the language of the Indian poet, the Nobel Prize winner Rabindranath Tagore. Like Hindi, it is also descended from Sanskrit and has the most extensive literature of any modern Indian language.

It has around 200 million speakers and developed as a language in the 13th century.

Punjabi

Punjabi is spoken in the Punjab region which covers parts of northeastern India and western Pakistan. It is often referred to as the language of the gurus, the founders of the Sikh religion. The secret teachings of Sikhism are in Punjabi. Punjabi is close to the Hindi language.

All in all, these are the major languages in use in India. Each one has a number of speakers that run into millions, some of them, more than the population of an average-sized country. Learning an Indian language is one intimidating work but a real satisfying one, considering that each one has a culture that is as rich as any country’s.

Learn Indian Geographically

Communications is a huge part of making every small detail of activity in life work. Through the ages and various historical periods and eras man has been wily enough to see the importance of having a common language that can be used for effective communication. At present a country’s language has stood as one of its identifying symbols. Even the oldest ones have tried hard to preserve the heritage of their spoken and written form of communication. With this in mind let’s take a close look at how learning of Indian languages can be done by travelling through the rich lands of its nation, India.

Before you can truly understand the languages that set a nation on stable mode it is just right to know a thing or two about the country itself. India which is globally known as the Republic of India is a country seated in the vast land and water area of South Asia. It boasts of being the seventh largest country geographically, the most populous nation enjoying democracy, and it also places second in terms of population. It is surrounded by known bodies of water such as the Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, and the ocean named after it, the Indian Ocean.

The Indian nation has been marked in history as part of the earliest civilization of man. It served as the nest for the Indus Valley Civilization and paved the way for a network of trading routes that served as the link to different ancient global powers and empires. Although Islam, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and Christianity has shaped most of the country’s diverse culture other religions such as Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, and Hinduism also played a role in shaping the beliefs of its constituents.

As mentioned earlier India is now recognized as a republic which is composed of twenty eight states and seven vastly expanding union territories. The parliament system of democracy is the motor that keeps the country’s government machinery in good running condition. In this present times India is acknowledged for its metamorphosis into one of the fastest growing economies in the world.

It takes pride of having the twelfth largest economy across the globe in terms of exchange rates in the market and it also places fourth for its continuously rising purchasing power. Setbacks that are faced by this growing nation include issues on illiteracy, malnutrition, increasing levels of poverty. But apart from these India has been known for its diverse world wherein various languages and ethnic groups thrive.

Etymologically speaking, India’s name was derived from Indus which is the Old Persian term for Hindu and from the Sanskrit Sindhu which is referred historically as the Indus River. In ancient times the people living in the vast land masses of the nation was tagged as Indoi which means the people of the Indus. Bharat is another term that is associated with the country which comes from the Hindu Mythology about the legendary monarch in King Bharat.

After having a taste of independence, the Indian people is still facing present adversities due to issues surrounding casteism, naxalism, terrorism, and violence due to warring religious beliefs brought about mostly by separatist insurgencies. Even territorial disputes with People’s Republic of China and Pakistan have plagued the people of the nation. Still amidst all the challenges India still pursues her dream of having full stability and peace.

Learning Indian through spoken and written forms are not enough to truly recognize its existence instead digging deep into the story of its lands can really bring you closer to its people.

Learn Indian Driving Tricks

Going on a trip in a foreign country is an adventure. However, tourists must never forget how important it is to learn Indian driving tricks when they find themselves driving along the provinces of the said country. For instance, the first thing you have to remember is this: don’t drive like an American when you’re in India or you will die, suddenly and completely.

To avoid such a tragic and unpromising end, here are a few driving tips for you. Remember them by heart.

First, keep your eyes on the road. Yes, the road includes not just the paved portion of the highway. The verge, the curb or sidewalk, that portion is also part of the road. Sometimes, when in the city and cars need to make a left or right, most drivers just line up their cars along the curb, hoping to squeeze into the direction they’re hoping to go. In India, queues are not popular. And though the roads may form a logical pattern, that pattern rarely reveals itself to mere tourists.

Second, you need to brush up on this concept: respect. While a number of cities in India already depict ideal urban landscapes, some places in the country still allow animals to roam free and cross the highways. And because cows, along with chickens, dogs, cats and yes, all the animals as well as other vertebrates must be treated as exceedingly-well developed, evolved creatures, they are presumed to know how to side step or get out of the way of a speeding Honda or a Mitsubishi going 82 miles per hour.

It is presumed that they know how to leap aside or run for their lives when they see a car barreling down the path. Of course, if one pays such respect to the animals, tourists must also not forget to accord the same kind and quality of respect to humans. This includes everyone you encounter as you drive by: the small children playing and running on the middle of the road, cripples crossing, men crossing the street while they carry thirty—or was it forty?—tons of hay on the crown of their heads.

Also, you may encounter oxcarts left unattended, and elderly men in mystic trances. Remember respect. To swerve in order to avoid hitting them would imply an insult to them, encouraging the idea that you believe they are not capable of taking care of, or saving, themselves. To swerve, thus, is to cause them great dishonor. If you do swerve, be prepared for the consequences.

Third thing you have to pay attention to is being passed. Indian traffic is vicious. Everyone is trying to cut someone else off so they can be on their way, whatever their way is. Be ready to pass and be passed. If you do not like the idea of overtaking any of your fellow drivers on the road, you will likely remain in your spot until kingdom come. So yes, you must learn how to overtake others. Or you will never find your way out of the traffic. In most Indian traffic, you only have three seconds to decide whether to overtake a vehicle or not. After that, you lose your chance.

And fourth, the horn. Never forget the horn. The power of the horn protects drivers and passengers alike. Honk on the horn, loudly and frequently. The sound lets your fellow drivers know you’re coming. The faster you’re going, the louder the horn, the better. If you must learn Indian driving tricks, then these are a few of them. Good luck on using them on your next trip.

Learn Indian Diversity

Each nation has its own identity and mark within the confines of its regions and territories as well as that outside the gates of its lands and water areas. But this does not hinder countries from interacting and negotiating with neighboring people and cultures. In fact this mechanism of communication and agreement has been long used in order to ensure the survival and propagation of earlier civilizations and societies. One group of people that has seen its traces across the globes are the Indians. Get a bit of learning at how Indian diversity took the world by storm.

Let’s take off those old books from the Indian shelf and venture into the past to find out how Indian natives made their way into the different parts of the world. The Romani people were mainly responsible for the emigration acts of people from India. At the turn of the eleventh century, invaders from across the central part of Asia run havoc on the nation which at that time was considered as a subcontinent. This is the historical move that led to the gradual spread of Indian Natives worldwide.

The captured Indians were sent off to Afghanistan. From here on groups started to make their way to Middle Eastern part of the world particularly to Iran where they were recognized as nomadic court magicians. Then it was Europe’s turn to house these people who at that time were tagged as Gypsies because of the misconception that they were part of the Egyptian legend. In Europe these people started to embrace religions such Islam and Christianity which they incorporated with their Hindu faith and practice.

South East Asia was another particular area wherein the native form the Indian subcontinent took their chance. It was actually triggered by expeditions and ventures due to military purposes that were facilitated by Hindu and Buddhist kings from the Southern part of India.

The part of the expeditions then began to settle within the comforts of the local areas and communities. The Chola Dynasty which hailed from South India utilized competent naval technology in order to overpower the Sumatra and Malayan Peninsula. That is why at present Bali, Indonesia is still largely influenced by the Indian culture that is has embraced for a number of centuries.

Merchants started to pour over the regions of Central Asia particularly in Persia during the middle stages of the sixteenth century and whose traces of kin have been kept for a long period that has spanned for four centuries. A colony thrived in 1610 within the cold environment of Tsardom, Russia at Astrakhan on the mouth of the Volga. Documentations state that Hindu traders roamed the streets of Moscow and St. Petersburg at the onset of the eighteenth century.
The nineteenth century saw the end of the British occupancy of the subcontinent and the transport of poor workers started towards much of the British colonies all brought about by the indenture system. Workers were brought to different places such as Mauritius, Guyana, the Caribbean, to Fiji, and parts of East Africa. The flow of emigrants continued until the twentieth century.

The Middle East then gave skilled workers from India a chance to make better ways of living during the rise of the oil industry in the 1970s. A lot of natives were brought it on contractual status due to the fact that the members of the Gulf Region did not favor policies regarding naturalization of foreign individuals.

Learning Indian is far from just knowing how to communicate with the nation’s constituents. More so, it entails having an understanding on how these people have propagated throughout history.